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Evicting a Tenant In Alberta

This Page's Content Was Last Updated: July 4, 2022
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What You Should Know

  • Eviction is the process a landlord must go through to remove a tenant legally.
  • There are three types of eviction notices in Alberta, ranging from 1-14 days notice for the tenant to leave.
  • The most common eviction provides the tenant with 14 days notice. They are also able to dispute the claim.
  • Covid laws no longer have an impact on Alberta evictions.
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The Eviction Process in Alberta

How to evict a Tenant in Albert

An eviction is a legal process by which a landlord can remove a tenant from their rental property. There are many reasons why landlords evict tenants, ranging from non-payment of rent to damage to the property or illegal activity on the premises. The eviction procedure will vary depending on the circumstance. Learn more about how eviction works in Alberta and the different types of evictions below. Landlords may also consider rental property insurance to keep their investment safe.

The eviction process starts when the tenant acts to provide a reason for eviction. As stated above, there are many reasons why a landlord can evict a tenant, but the most common reasons are not paying rent or putting others in danger. If the landlord observes this behaviour, they can serve the tenant an eviction notice ranging from 1 - 14 days to leave the property.

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Edmonton 5-Year Vacancy Rate

Source: CMHC Rental Market Report

In most cases, the landlord must provide a reason for eviction to which the tenant can object. If the tenant chooses to oppose, they can apply to the Residential Tenancy Dispute Resolution Service (RTDRS) for a hearing. The hearing results in an order which may require the tenant to leave the property by a specific date. If the tenant attempts to stay, the landlord can hire a civil enforcement agency to remove the tenant and their belongings.

For an eviction notice to qualify, it must:

  • be in writing
  • be signed by the landlord or agent
  • state the reason for eviction, and
  • state the time and date the tenancy ends

COVID-19 UPDATE: RTDRS counters are closed during the pandemic, so applications are required to be submitted onine.

Cost of Evicting a Tenant in Alberta

Legal Fees$700
Court Fees$100
Sheriff Fees$75
Lost Rent$2,397

Alberta is one of the most landlord-friendly provinces in Canada. Landlords only need to pay roughly $875 out of pocket to evict a tenant. However, when accounting for an average time of 50 days and average monthly rent of $799, the total missed rent totals $2,397.

Overall, you can expect the cost of an eviction in Alberta to range around $3,300. Given the highest expense is the missed rent payments, some landlords consider rental income insurance to guarantee income when their tenants don’t pay.

Source: SingleKey
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24 Hour Eviction Notice

This is the most severe type of eviction. A tenant will receive this notice in Alberta if they have either:

  • Seriously damaged the property
  • Threatened or physically attacked the landlord or another tenant
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The tenant is not able to object to this type of notice. However, if they stay later than the eviction date, the landlord has ten days to apply to the Residential Tenancy Dispute Resolution Service (RTDRS) for a court order. If the landlord waits longer than ten days, they forfeit the right to remove the dangerous tenant. When the landlord applies to the RTDRS, the tenant receives new documents from the landlord. The landlord can hire a civil enforcement agency to evict the tenant if the tenant does not vacate after receiving the new documents. A bailiff can then attend to the property to remove the tenant and their belongings. It is worth noting that only a bailiff can enforce an eviction - a landlord can’t forcefully remove a tenant.

COVID-19 UPDATE: Due to the severe nature of this eviction notice, landlords were still able to evict tenants for these reasons during the pandemic.

48 Hour Eviction Notice

This is a rare occurrence that only happens if the evicted tenant has moved out and an unauthorized occupant is living in the rental unit. In this situation, the landlord can apply to RTDRS to receive an order to recover possession of the rental premises.

As the case above, the unauthorized occupant must leave after receiving an RTDRS notice. If they attempt to stay, the landlord can legally hire a civil enforcement agency to remove the tenant and their belongings.

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14 Day Eviction Notice

This is the typical eviction notice and the one most frequently used in Alberta. A landlord can issue a 14-day eviction notice if the tenant has committed a substantial breach. A substantial breach occurs when the tenant:

  • Doesn’t pay rent in full when due
  • Interferes with the landlord or disturbs other tenants
  • Puts other tenants in danger
  • Causes significant damage to the residence
  • Doesn’t leave when the lease term expires
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If a substantial breach happens, the landlord can serve the tenant a 14-days notice to end the tenancy. However, the tenant has 14 days to dispute the eviction with the RTDRS. If a dispute happens, the RTDRS will conduct a hearing between the tenant and landlord. Both the landlord and tenant must discuss the situation with a tenancy dispute officer who will provide an order. If the respondent fails to comply with the order, the applicant can hire a civil enforcement agency. For example, if the tenant refuses to leave after receiving an eviction order, the landlord can hire a Bailiff to remove the tenant.

COVID-19 UPDATE: During the pandemic, landlords could not evict tenants for non-payment of rent or utilities. However, this law changed on May 1, 2020, and landlords were able to evict tenants for this reason again. Additionally, landlords can now charge late fees on any missed payment after June 30, 2020.

Did You Know!
Average damage to a rental property by tenants is $4,500 - based on analysis of eviction cases accross Canada
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The Bottom Line

The Residential Tenancies Act governs evictions in Alberta. If you're a landlord with a problem tenant, there's an eviction notice that might work for your situation, and we've outlined them here. Whether it's an eviction because of non-payment or damage done to the unit, there are multiple options for a landlord to recover their property.

The calculators and content on this page are provided for general information purposes only. WOWA does not guarantee the accuracy of information shown and is not responsible for any consequences of the use of the calculator.